BY MESERET BEHAILU
ADDIS ABABA—Wolayeta Sodo University stated that it has been working to establish Enset Institution in a bid to make research based solution to Enset plant diseases.
The University’s Enset and roots Researcher Department of Horticulture Abraham Bosha (Ph.D) told The Ethiopian Herald that the university has planned to establish Enset Institution (EI) within five to ten years to reform the former status of the plant thereby helping ensure food self-sufficiency in the zone.
According to Abraham, the plant is the overall symbolical representation of the community in Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples state (SNNPs). The zone has 22 districts and seven town administrations that have been utilizing the plant for different purposes. For example, human intake and animal foliage, trading, balancing climatic condition, protecting houses from wind damage, among others.
The community has a proverb as a sign of respecting the plant, the hardworking sibling [especially male ones] and catchy house are attributable to the well-to-do status of the family. It means that a given son should have evaluated by his respected family and the house or backyard also evaluated by the Enset plant. In other words, the community has been using the plant as the method of distinguishing the rich from the poor in regards to economic matter.
Similarly, the plant is free form cholesterol, rich in carbohydrate and staying over seven years that buried, and then it has manifold significances.
On the other hand, the plant has taken eight years for maturity of full consumption. As the farmers fade up with waiting a long period of its ripe, they have converted the farm land to grow maze and wheat. Besides, the plant has been seriously infected by Bacteria and lost alarmingly.
Recently, researches depicted that the zone has possessed over 77 Enset plant species, but the number of species exceeds thus far, he added.
Currently, the university has been carrying out different researches on Enset plant and working with Araca Agriculture Institute located in the zone to come up with alternative solutions for protecting the plant from different diseases. Providing the local community with special seedling taking a maximum of three years for harvesting is of instrumental in rescuing the local community from lack of food.
He recommended that awareness creation among the community about using integrated fertilizer, manure, orderly buried system, avoiding the infected plants, and sanitizing the plant are the methods applied to help the plant sustainably grow.
The Ethiopian Herald 18 April 2021