BY DARGIE KAHSAY
ADDIS ABABA- Four contending parties have debated on federalism and reflected their respective stances on the kind of federal system they may implement if they win seats in the 6th general elections.
During a recent televised debate , representing Prosperity Party Fiseha Yitagesu said that his party would put into effect the federal system that uphold the common interests of all communities via properly applying the main pillars of federalism, self-administration and shared rule.
Fiseha noted that Prosperity pays due attention to building a democratic system as it is crucial to set up genuine federal system in Ethiopia. “We have evaluated the past three decades implementation of federalism in Ethiopia and drawn important lessons , thus, Prosperity would focus on building inclusive multinational federalism in Ethiopia,” he noted.
Explaining Ethiopian Citizens for Social Justice ( Ezema) stance on federalism, Prof. Berhanu Nega said that his party believes that there has been nine unitary states and pseudo federalism in Ethiopia. He, hence,
said : “If Ezema wins public confidence, it will implement genuine federal structure that paves the way for nurturing politics of citizenship.”
Prof. Berhanu also stated that Ezema would take into consideration geographic location ,population settlement, administrative suitability and development activities, history, public full consent and other basic criteria when the party put into practice its federal structure.
“ Ezema’s federalism is a decentralized one but not dependent on language or specific identity instead on geographical location.”
All Ethiopia Unity Party (AEUP) representative Asemahegn Abraham stated that his party plans to have five provinces, North, South, East, West and Central. The structure considers public settlement, psychological makeup, economic integration, historic ties and development opportunities .
According to Asemahegn, the five provinces (states) includes all nations, cultures, religions and other all identities and the core value of the manifesto is personal right.
He added that it would apply the rights incorporated under the UN charters to protect basic identities of citizens.
As to Asemahegn, the horizontal and vertical relations of the member of the federal governments will be decided by law, and his party gives priority to change the constitution through conducting referendum.
Representing Hibir Ethiopia Democratic Party’ (Hibir) Eng. Yilikal Getnet argued that Hibir Ethiopia would adjust the federal structure considering the real context of the nation. This means the federal structures will consider the culture, administrative suitability, psychological make-up, geographical vicinity, economic makeup and nation and nationalities’ rights to self-administration.
He said that Hibir would create at least 50 provincial administrative structures and would amend the constitution having gained public consent. He reiterated that this kind of administrative structure is appropriate to protect identities, self-administration and to create strong and stable federal system.
The Ethiopian Herald 18 April 2021